Baseline Study on Private Security Governance in Nigeria

  1. About the Project: AFRILAW in collaboration with Private Security Governance Observatory and Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps (NSCDC) with support from Geneva Center for Security Sector Governance (DCAF) implemented the Baseline Study on Private Security Governance in Nigeria Project from 2018-2019.

The Context and Rationale for the Project:

There is an increasing security challenges in Nigeria, and overtime the public security agencies lack the adequate manpower and resources to tackle them.This situation has occassioned a high demand of private security companies operating in Nigeria by the general public to ensure security their lives and properties. In this regard, there have been an inrease in the number of private secuirty companies operating in Nigeria and many of them are unregistered.

The private security companies are bedeviled with many challenges including outdated and ineffective PSC Act of 1986, poor and inadequate legal and regulary framework resulting in poor monitoring and supervision by the regualtory authority, poor operational standards and code of conducts, human rights violations, prevalence of unregistered PSCs, poor employment and labour benefits and welfare, poor training and lack of professional development, poor cooperation with public security organizations, risk and complicity operating in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.

Therefore, the rapid growth of the private security industry and its challenges, constraints and problems require urgent attention and sustainble solutions and sustainable solutions to ensure the industry’s adequate regulation, governance, standards of operation and professional conducts in Nigeria.

 Objectives of the Baseline Study:

The main goal of the Study is to critically review the existing legal and regulatory frameworks governing private security companies operations in Nigeria, assess their standards of operation and challenges, and make recommendations for legal and policy reform and improvement.

The study is intended to give a picture of the situation before the inception of any future programme intervention on private security governance and operations by the stakeholders, and the results of the study will also serve as a baseline, which can then be used for comparison with a follow-up assessment to measure the results and effect of any following interventions.

In this regard, the specific objectives of the study are:

  1. To review the legal and regulatory frameworks, governance structures and operational standards of private security companies in Nigeria;
  2. To determine the level of compliance with the existing and emerging standard of operations and practices, professional code of conducts, national regulations and human rights standards, and identify cases of human rights abuses and violations by private security providers in Nigeria;
  3. To identify the existing gaps and areas of challenges to private security governance and operations in Nigeria, and make relevant recommendations for reform and improvement.
  4. To engage key stakeholders and develop advocacy strategy for effective private security reform in Nigeria.