INTRODUCTION: This is the narrative report of the Stakeholders Roundtable on Drug Control and Criminal Justice Reform in Nigeria with the theme “Improving Drug Control Responses through Effective Criminal Justice System. The event was part of the Support don’t punish Global day of Action to mark the World Drug Day 2019, and was organized by West Africa Drug Policy Network (WADPN)-Nigeria Chapter, African Law Foundation (AFRILAW), and YouthRISE Nigeria in partnership with Administration of Criminal Justice Monitoring Committee (ACJMC) with support from International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC), PITCH and Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA).
Stake Holders Round Table On Drug Control And Criminal Justice Reform In Nigeria
Theme: Improving Drug Control Responses In Nigeria Through Effective Criminal Justice System
Programme Aim & Objectives: The aims and objectives of the programme include:
- To create awareness and sensitize the drug law and criminal justice stakeholders on drug law and criminal justice reform issues and effective implementation of the administration of criminal justice act(ACJA) 2015 to drug control responses in Nigeria.
- To assess the level of compliance and implementation of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act (ACJA) 2015 to drug control response in Nigeria by drug law enforcement agencies.
- To advocate for effective implementation of the (ACJA) 2015 drug control responses by drug law enforcement agencies and other key stakeholders.
- To advocate for drug law and criminal justice reform for effective and sustainable drug control system in Nigeria.
The Stakeholders Roundtable was held on Friday, the 5th of July, 2019 at the ACJMC Conference Hall and was attended by about 52 participants including representatives from the Federal Ministry of Justice, NDLEA, EFCC, NAFDAC, Nigeria Prison Service, Nigeria Bar Association, National Human Right Commission, Nigeria Police Force, Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps, Civil Society Organizations, Media and others.
Stakeholders Roundtable Opening Ceremony: The Stakeholders Roundtable started at 10:00 AM with the second stanza of the National Anthem which was conducted by a representative of YouthRISE, Nigeria, and the event was moderated by Founder/CEO of AFRILAW and Focal Point/National Coordinator of WADPN-Nigeria, Okereke Chinwike ESQ. The Event was chaired by Nigeria Bar Association (NBA) Abuja Chairman, Mr. Folarin Aluko ESQ.
Welcome and Introductory Messages: Welcome and introductory messages were given by WADPN/AFRILAW, YOUTHRISE and ACJMC, followed by the Chairpersons’ opening remark.
WADPN-Nigeria/AFRILAW: On behalf of the WADPN-Nigeria/AFRILAW and the funders, Mr. Chinwike welcomed everyone to the program as he introduced the theme of the program “Improving Drug Control Responses in Nigeria through Effective Criminal Justice System” stating that we are gathered to address the drug reform issues. He explained the aim and objectives of the events, and appreciated the partners and funders of the event. He emphasized that the NDLEA Act is due for review and appeal as it is no longer in line with issues on ground as the ACJA 2015 has a lot of innovations that will help improve drug control policy. He added that the gathering is part of the global Support Don’t Punish Campaign which advocates for support of drug users and not punishment.
YOUTHRISE: A representative of YouthRISE welcomed everyone to the program; He spoke on the impunity drug law implemented in Nigeria which causes unintended consequences. Laying emphasis on the incarceration associated with drug law which is not yielding the desired result.
ACJMC: Mr. Suleiman Dawodu, the Secretary of ACJMC welcomed everyone to the program, he spoke on how drug abuse is causing a nuisance and how we need to reform the criminal justice sector.
The Opening Remark:
The Chairperson of the Event, Mr. Aluko who is the Chairperson of the Nigeria Bar Association-Abuja Chapter started the opening remark by thanking the organizers of the event. He spoke about the system being all about punishment and those who end up in prison end up being radicalized, they end up worse than before. He added that most people on the NDLEA list are either on trial and/or are awaiting trial and you wonder what is happening to the future of the country. He concluded by encouraging the deliberation on drug law reform which he said is long overdue.
- Chief of Staff of the Nigeria Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), Mr. Toba Femi: He lauded the organizers and funders of the event, but showed disappointment over the negligence of the federal government towards the criminal justice system.
- Representative of The Federal Ministry Of Justice (FMOJ): Being from the criminal justice and reform department, a new department at the ministry of Justice, and she showed enthusiasm about the program.
- Representative of the Director General of Prison Service, Nigeria Prison Service: He said that the prison has a mandate to identify antisocial behavior and develop programs for their reform. He added that he believes that whatever is concluded during this program will help the reform programs of the prison service.
- Representative of the Nigerian Bar Association: She showed enthusiasm about the shift from incarceration to treating it as a health issue which is attributed to psycho and /or emotional disorder.
- Representative of the Inspector General of Police, Nigeria Police Force: He informed us of how the police is there to project a good image of the country as no safe country allows crime to overtake the social happenings of the country. He added that absence of proper education and dissemination of information has always dragged this country backwards. He emphasized on the fact that drug abuse is not only the problem of the poor but also of the rich. He cited an example of people in Kano migrating from the abuse of common drugs to sniffing of gutters and soak away pits and this is a major concern of the police.
Representative of the Director General of NAFDAC: He pointed out that the fight against drug abuse is not a fight for one man and that’s why we are here.
Participants at Session
Representative of the Executive Secretary of the National Human Right Commission (NHRC): He said that NHRC is concerned about protecting the human right of everyone including those of drug users. He added that NHRC was in full support of decriminalization of drug use.
Technical Session/Presentations: This session kicked off immediately after the goodwill messages, each presentation from selected stakeholders lasted for 20 minutes. The presentations are outlined as follows:
Presentation 1: NDLEA Experiences and Challenges in implementing the Administration of Criminal Justice Act (ACJA) – NDLEA Chief of Staff.
- The powers of NDLEA can be summarized as follows, as contained in section 3 of NDLEA Act Cap N30 LFN 2004:
- Power to identify, trace, freeze, Power to arrest, investigate and prosecute any person involved in illicit drug trafficking contrary to the enabling Act.
- Power to conduct investigations into the properties of any person if it appears to the Agency that the person’s lifestyle and extent of the properties are not justified by his ostensible source of income.
- The summary of the NDLEA record of performance between 2015 and 2017 shows that a total of 27,044 people were arrested, 25,250 being male and 1,794 being female with 5,567 persons being prosecuted.
- Responsibilities from the Agency under the ACJA and challenges involves:
- Section 15 of the Act expects the Agency to take Record of the suspects arrested and record confessional statements of suspects
- Section 17 of the Act also requires the Agency to Record statements of suspects in the presence of a Legal Practitioner or a relation of the suspect.
- Section 348 of the Act requires that during trial, interpreters are also required.
Challenge: The above sections involve interpretation where a suspect does not speak English, Payments for interpreters have been a problem.
- Section 11 of the Act requires care and treatment of detained persons.
Challenge: Cost of care of detainee.
- Section 15 (2) – Charging detained persons under 24 or 48 hours.
Challenge: In Cases of suspects who ingest drugs, Time of excretion takes between 5-6 days.
Other Challenges: The police haven’t been cooperating with NDLEA on drug related issues as the police infringes on the law and constitution by taking the persons to the magistrate court.
- Government should improve funding for the Agency to purchase necessary equipment and meet obligations under ACJA.
- Training should be made a priority and should be a continuous training.
- Adequate staff should be provided to do the job of the Agency. (Only 4,864 all over Nigeria).
- Funds are essential to enable witnesses turn up for Trials. Witnesses are better off when paid before their journeys to court.
- Training for investigators is equally crucial. A practice of attaching prosecutors with investigators in the course of important investigations may be adopted.
- Lawyers and judges should be abreast with latest development in the law. We must not become rusty.
Presentation 2: Overview of Drug Situation in Nigeria- Pharm. Nonso Maduka, ED, Bensther Development Foundation & Nat. Sec. of CIND.
- The drug supply & seizure facts in the country is as follows:
- 49% of Drugs seized were Inflow of Drugs into the country
- 51% of Drugs seized were outflows of Drugs from the country
- Highest points of seizures are Lagos and Abuja airports
- 718 hectares of Cannabis farm destroyed
- Since 2011, 12 Methamphetamine labs have been destroyed by NDLEA
- Based on UNODC 2018 drug use key findings:
- 1 in 7 persons aged 15-64yrs had used drugs in past year
- 1in4 drug users is a woman
- The highest level of any past year drug use was among 25-39yrs
- 1in 5 persons who had used drugs in the past year is suffering from drug use disorder but for cannabis is 1in 3
- 376 high risk drug users of which 1in5 (80,000) inject drugs
- Opioids are the most injected drugs
- Comparatively more women use cough syrup and tranquilizers than men
- Drug use and health:
- 1in 5 high risk drug users
- 2/3 of high risk drug users reported a self perceived need for drug treatment.
- 40% of this high risk drug users wanted treatment but unable to get it.
- Access to services(HIV,HEPTATIS,TB) to reduce adverse consequences of drug use was limited
- Less than half of the high risk drug users have received HIV Testing and counseling while in treatment
- Chronic pain and high blood pressure stood out as the two main conditions drug users were (reportedly) diagnosed with
- Drug use and criminal justice:
- Nearly one-quarter of high-risk drug users had been arrested for a drug related offence during the course of their drug use
- 73% has been arrested for possession of Drugs 14% on theft and shoplifting
- High-risk drug users reported being arrested an average of 3 times in their life time, with no difference between men and women, or age of drug users.
- The majority of drug users (61 per cent)who were arrested in the past 12
- Drug legislation and policy in the country:
- Dangerous Drug Acts 1935
- Indian Hemp Act 1966
- National Drug Law Enforcement Agency Act No.48 1989
- Pharmacists Council of Nigeria Act 1992
- National Agency of Food and Drug Administration and Control Act. No 15 1993
- National Drug Control Master Plan
- Most drug users use it for pleasure and they are not seen in the bunks, the people who are seen at the bunks are the dependent ones.
- We have conflicting issues of the law as the police are not allowed to charge drug abusers to court with drug abuse, they charge them with pilfering, wandering and so on.
- We have to harmonize the first two laws (Dangerous Drug Acts 1935 and Indian Hemp Act 1966) as the police stands on them and more harm is done.
Presentation 3: Mandate of ACJMC- Obligation Expected of Law Enforcement Agencies – Mr. Suleiman Dawodu, Secretary, ACJMC.
- He spoke about us carrying out a reality check by redirecting our focus on the challenges put forward on why the law enforcements are not succeeding in their mandate.
- He added that the criminal justice sector is not funded and we should focus on what to do to get the executives to redirect their focus on the criminal justice system which is directly influenced by the political sector.
- He stated that ACJMC carries the burden of how to have more responses from the federal government, but we also have to take note of how much we contribute personally to cause reform. He cited an example of the 26 police divisions where only 3 are currently active as only few are enjoying their jobs.
- He spoke about the lack of capacity of the NDLEA and loopholes in the reporting methods of NDLEA.
- There should be an active oversight mechanism (Magistrate visit to detention facilities)-There should be regular visit to cells to curb impunities in the cells. This should be carried out by NAPTIP,NDLEA,EFCC, Civil defense. ACJMC has appointed two judges for this already.
- Custody records- each detainee must have a custody record which is time bound,it should contain all information on the detainee ranging from the time of arrest to the time the person was interviewed, if a legal representative was present or not and if the person is having medical issues and much more.
- Proper interview recording devices in the law enforcement agencies as that of EFCC.
- Rehabilitation- Government should set up rehabilitation centers or community service centers as the private once and very expensive and inaccessible by the public.
- Provision of probation services at the prison will help also.
- Provision of remand order from the court- law enforcement agencies, citing NDLEA as an example should get a remand order from the court as they keep persons who excrete drugs more than 24 hours as stated by the constitution. He added that the custody report should also have why you applied for a remand order.
Presentation 4: Drug Policy Reform & Nigeria Criminal Justice System- Barr. Chinwike, CEO of AFRILAW & National Coordinator WADPN-Nigeria
Drug Control Responses and Criminal Justice Challenges in Nigeria:
- He started by explain the Drug Control Responses and Criminal Justice Challenges in Nigeria.
- Use of “prohibitionist and repressive approach” to drug control has created a legal and policy framework that placed significant pressure on already over-burdened criminal justice system in Nigeria.
- Pathetically, people incarcerated for drug offenses account for a substantial percentage of prisoners throughout Nigerian prisons.
- Those incarcerated are often the most marginalized – small time dealers, low level drug offenders, and overwhelmingly, people who use drugs, while very limited success was reported targeting mid- to high-level suppliers.
- He made references to the drug survey conducted by WACD (Not Just in Transit) in 2014, YouthRISE (We Are People) in 2015 and UNODC (Drug Use in Nigeria) in 2018.
- According to the YouthRISE, 64% of young people were been arrested by the police, 22% by the NDLEA and 14% by both the Police and NDLEA.
- Many languish in pre-trial detention for long periods from days to months up to 2 years for drug use and without being taken to the court for prosecution.
- To secure release from detention, most young people were made to pay bribes to law enforcement officials.
- Poor and most vulnerable young people who are at the lower level of the socio-economic ladder are commonly detained for a long periods before they are released, sometimes on “Compassionate Grounds”.
- He state the current Nigerian drug control efforts and policies undermine lifesaving health services.
- Drug policing practices targeting drug users increase the risk of HIV, hepatitis B and other adverse health consequences in Nigeria.
- He explained the need for change and adoption of public health and human rights approach to drug control in Nigeria.
Drug Law Reform in Nigeria:
- He talked about drug law reform in Nigeria and why is drug law reform important.
- He explained Part 44 of the ACJA which made provision on probation and Non-Custodial Alternatives under section 453-467, and Parole under section 468 in part 45 of ACJA that should be implemented in improving drug control responses to criminal justice system in Nigeria.
- He stated many options for drug law reform in Nigeria.
- That Nigeria drug laws should primarily seek to contribute to the overall national objectives of reducing crime and promoting public health and socio-economic development.
- The need to use the various alternative strategies are at their disposal to design more humane and effective drug laws, which will focus resources on the most harmful aspects of the drug market, while encouraging the provision of support and health care for people who grow and/or use drugs.
- He further explained the four main policies that are increasingly accepted as viable alternatives to the current drug control regime which include depenalisation, de facto decriminalization, and
Effective Drug Law Enforcement in Nigeria:
- He concluded by explaining about Effective Drug Law Enforcement in Nigeria and the important of setting a new and effective and sustainable objectives and indicators in drug policing.
- He stated that drug law-enforcement agencies in Nigeria need to focus more on a broader and more balanced set of objectives, which target drug-related crime, health and social problems, instead of seeking to reduce the overall scale of the drug market.
- He also talk about reducing incarceration rates through decriminalisation, depenalisation, and mechanisms of diversion offers more effective and less costly ways to reduce drug-related crime, and promotes the health and social inclusion of low-level drug offenders.
- That diversion is an effective mechanism for implementing depenalisation and decriminalisation.
- System for diversions which vary in many ways, but can be categorised by the stage at which diversion occurs: 1. diversion at arrest, 2. diversion at prosecution and 3. diversion at sentencing.
- Diversion should be adopted and applied in Nigeria according to Part 44 of the ACJA which made provision on probation and Non-Custodial Alternatives under section 453-467, and Parole under section 468 in part 45 of ACJA.
Effective Drug Interventions in Prisons:
- He also talked about Effective Drug Interventions in Prisons, and that the Policy makers and prison authorities in Nigeria need to have a clear plan for making prisons as effective as possible in protecting the health and human rights of prisoners, including through the delivery of evidence based treatment for drug dependence and harm reduction services to those who need them.
- The drug control approach should be public health and human rights focused.
- Drug use should be decriminalized in Nigeria.
- NDLEA Act must to be repeal and replaced and drugs laws in Nigeria reviewed and harmonized.
- He introduced the West Africa Model Drug Law produced by WACD and partners as a model law needed for the review and reform of Nigeria drug laws and repeal NDLEA Act, and ask the participants to join and support the organizers in promoting drug law reform through the adoption of the Model Drug Law.
Presentation 5: Drug Control & the Need for Public Health (Harm Reduction) Approach in Nigeria-Pharm. Nonso Maduka, Representing Mr. Adeolu Ogunrombi a WHO Expert
Sub Topic: HIV and Viral Hepatitis in People who Inject Drugs: A Public Health Response
- Looking at the side effect of drug use, you realize that it is more of a health concern than a criminal issue as unlearned people are conjuring things in the name of codeine.
- People who inject drugs are 28 times more likely to be HIV positive compared to the general public and 72% of HIV positive people who inject drugs are Hepatitis B positive.
- Cannabis research was conducted on people who where about ending their prison sentence,and it was discovered that drug effect on people depended on 3 things:
- It depends on your intention for using the drug and biological make up
- It depends on the environment where one takes the drug
- It depends on the people with whom you use the drugs. That is to say,if you take the drug with criminals, you are most likely to be a criminal.
- Harm reduction refers to a set of interventions, policies or strategies that aim to reduce the individual and public harm associated with drug use, without necessarily stopping drug use with Emphasis on public health and human rights.
- Harm reduction interventions include NSP (needle and syringe program), OSP (oral sodium phosphate) and NSP and OSP are being implemented by NACA which gives them access to these drug users, thereby providing them with psychotherapeutic treatments.
- Increased OST and NSP coverage is associated with decreased HCV prevalence and OST is associated with a 54% increase in ART (antiretroviral treatment) coverage.
- Despite compelling evidences, countries are reluctant to implement and scale up harm reduction programs
- Lack of good data, in particular on population size estimates
- Continued structural barriers, including
- laws and legislation that criminalise behaviours
- stigma and discrimination, including in the health sector.
- Reducing prison population-Alternatives to imprisonment
- Governments may wish to review their penal admission policies, particularly where drug abusers are concerned, in the light of the AIDS epidemic and its impact on prisons. (WHO, 1987)
- All prisoners have the right to receive health care, including preventive measures, equivalent to that available in the community. (WHO, 1993)
- Alternatives to incarceration, such as treatment of addiction in the community, may be more cost-effective at reducing health, social, and economic harms of illegal drug use. Ultimately, reducing the number of people who are in prison because of problems related to their drug use must be a priority.(WHO, 2007)
- Countries should work toward developing policies and laws that decriminalize injection and other use of drugs and, thereby, reduce incarceration.
- Countries should work toward developing policies and laws that decriminalize the use of clean needles and syringes (and that permit NSPs) and that legalize OST for people who are opiod-dependent.
- Countries should ban compulsory treatment for people who use and/or inject drugs.
- As countries work toward developing non-custodial strategies, targets can be set for reducing prison overcrowding generally.
- Question No.1: Considering the drug use in Nigeria, can NDLEA focus on drug supply reduction-
- Responses: The NDLEA Chief of staff, he said yes, but funding is the issue as only 32 million naira is sent to NDLEA every month in the whole country and whistle blowers are making demands not in the capacity of NDLEA to reach due to its poor resources. He also added that the NDLEA will be happy to remove drug abuse from a Criminal Justice issue to a Public Health issue but the problem is that Nigeria has no standard rehab centers as the religious bodies are doing more than the federal government.
- Chinwike recommended the use of sentencing guide line and depenalization during his presentation, but challenges where brought to his notice of why it cannot be upheld, and this includes, poor record keeping and database.
- A representative of PRAWA spoke on how our research connects with the Criminal Justice System, she suggested that we need an institutional base, and for the penal reform media network, NDLEA need to adopt it and put their issues and solutions on social media as the fight for drug law reform involves everybody. NDLEA needs to mobilize the people through social media.
Question No.2: Mr. Bimbola asked, what is the Pharmacist doing about drug hawkers?
- Responses: Maduka noted that the problem is the lack of political will as our leaders do not have political will.
- The representative of the director general of NAFDAC added that NAFDAC has some interventions in place for routine mop-up, but staff strength is an issue as NAFDAC has less than 5000 staff in the whole country and they lack operational vehicles.
- The representative of the Inspector General of Police suggested that those pedaling drugs can use plea bargain concept, plead guilty and accept a lighter punishment as it is used in political financial crimes, but Mr. Suleiman, Sec, ACJMC added that the plea bargain is open to every crime and that should not be confused with diverse ways of dealing with offenses.
- Chinwike pointed out that the essence drug law reform advocacy is to divert drug users to community centers as this will help decongest the prisons if adopted, the bargaining can come in when drug barons are caught.
Question No. 3: A representative of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA), Ms. Halima Yusuf asked of how we can balance situations as law enforcement officers’ aid these drug users/offenders, they arrest only the poor ones and the rich are set free.
Responses: Pharm Maduka gave an answer saying that with decriminalization, these people won’t end up in prison. A decriminalization team should be formed; it should be made up of law enforcement officers and health officers. He added that nobody will invest in what doesn’t work, as we succeeded with HIV from the public health perspective, so also we can succeed with drug use from the public health perspective. He highlighted that the educational system needs change; we need to add trainings on these health matters into our curriculum.
Conclusion/Closing Remarks: The program came to an end at 14:00 with closing remarks from Barr. Chinwike, and Mr. Sulayman of ACJMC.
Mr. Chinwike thanked the participants for their active participation and their willingness to support the drug law reform in Nigeria. He emphasized the need for all key criminal justice stakeholders to support and promote drug law and policy reform in Nigeria considering the high impact of drug control responses to criminal justice system in Nigeria. He solicited and urged the participants to support the organizers current efforts toward drug law reform, and be ready to work together with them to achieve an effective and sustainable drug control system in Nigeria.
In his closing remarks, Mr. Sulayman of ACJMC appreciated the organizers for partnering with ACJMC in ensuring effective criminal justice system in Nigeria. He pleaded that more efforts and supports are need and that the event should not be the end by the organizers, as this kind of reform campaign needs a very continuous efforts and advocacy for a result to manifest. He said that ACJMC is always ready to partner with the organizers in improving the drug control responses to criminal justice system in Nigeria.
Media Coverage and Communication:
About 5 media organizations from both prints and electronic organizations participated in the event, and the event was aired on Sunday, 7th at the 8.00pm News of African Independent Television (AIT), a national TV new network in Nigeria.
The Programme Key Outcomes/Results and the Suggested Way forward:
The Key Outcomes/Results of the Programme include:
- High level representation and participation from key State Criminal Justice Actors, eg. Federal Ministry of Justice, NDLEA, EFCC, NAFDAC, Nigeria Prison Service, Nigeria Bar Association, National Human Right Commission, Nigeria Police Force, Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps.
- High participation of major Drug Policy and Criminal Justice focused CSOs.
- Good understanding of the situation and the negative effects and impacts of current drug control responses to criminal justice system in Nigeria.
- Consensus among the participants for the urgent need for drug law and policy reform toward ensuring an effective and sustainable drug control responses and improved criminal justice system in Nigeria.
- Consensus on the need to have more follow-up activities and active advocacy engagements with key relevant policymakers, eg. NDLEA, National Assembly, Federal Ministry of Justice toward drug law and policy reform.
- Consensus on the urgent need to repeal and replace the NDLEA Act in line with emerging international norms and standards on drug reform.
- Consensus on the need to mobilize and actively engage the participants toward supporting and promoting the drug law and policy reform advocacy efforts by the organizers.
The Suggested Way Forward:
There is need to develop and carry out follow-up Activities immediately after the event as agreed by the participants and proposed strategies and activities will include:
- Advocacy Visits to Key Policymakers such as: NDLEA Chief of Staff that attended the event, NDLEA Chairman, FMOJ, FMOH, etc to build partnership for policy advocacy engagements and collaboration going forward.
- Organize 2 days training workshop for the CSOs and Media Organizations on Drug Law and Policy Reform Advocacy to build their knowledge and capacity on drug policy reform advocacy needed for WADPN-Nigeria to build a critical mass of drug policy advocates in Nigeria across various states in Nigeria.
- Set up a Drug Control and Criminal Justice Reform Subcommittee as part of the ACJMC Subcommittee in partnership with NDLEA, ACJMC and FMOJ.
- Develop a Concept Note for the ‘Legislative Advocacy Campaign for the Domestication of WACD Model Drug Law in Nigeria’ that will be implemented in partnership with NDLEA and FMOJ with the following strategies and activities:
- Organizing 3-days Model Drug Law Legislative Advocacy Training Workshop,
- Setting up a Legislative Advocacy Working Group on Drug Law Reform in partnership with NDLEA and FMOJ.
- Organizing 2 days Nigeria Legislative Advocacy Working Group on Drug Law Reform Meeting for the drafting of the ‘Nigeria Model Drug Law’, using the WACD Model Drug Law.
- Developing, producing and disseminating information, education and communication materials (T-shirts, Handbills/Flyers, Handbooks, Posters) from the Nigeria Model Drug Law to be used for the Nigeria Model Drug Law Advocacy Campaign.
- Organizing 1-Day National Roundtable on Drug Law Reform for policymakers, federal lawmakers and key stakeholders to introduce and present the draft ‘Nigeria Model Drug Law’, and the public launching of Nigeria Model Drug Law Advocacy Campaign, and
- Nigeria Model Drug Law Advocacy Campaign activities will include such as follow-ups Legislative Advocacy Visits to National Assembly Committee members on Narcotics, justice/human rights/health, NDLEA, FMOJ, FMOH, NACA, NAFDAC, NHRC, NPF etc, dissemination of the information, education and communication materials, and awareness creation through media platforms eg. Radio/TV and social media.
Okereke Chinwike ESQ.
ED, AFRILAW/National Focal Point, WADPN-Nigeria